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tv   PBS News Hour  PBS  February 10, 2020 3:00pm-4:01pm PST

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captioning sponsored by newshour productions, llc >> nawaz: good evening. i'm amna nawaz in washington. >> woodruff: and i'm judy woodruff in new hampshe on the "newshour" tonight, democratic presidential candidates make a final sprint to win voters in the firstn the nation primary. then a special new hampshire- focused editioof politics monday we examine the ins and outs of tomorrow's vote and how it could change the she of this year's election. >> nawaz: plus, non-political news, the ongoing outbreak: global efforts to combat the coronavirus intensify as the death toll surpasses that of the sars epidemic. and anti-semitism on the rise-- 75 years after the liberation of auschwitz, negative perceptions of european jews are
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increasingly pervasive. >> ( translated ): i am not troubled for myself because i am nearly 100-years-old, but for my children, my grandchildren and my great-grandchild. and for all the younle of today. would wish a better world for them. >> nawaz: all that and more on tonight's "pbs newshour." >> major funding for the pbs newsviur has been pd by: >> before we talk about your investments-- what's new? >> well, audrey's expecting... >> twins! >> grandparents.nt >> we o put money aside for them, so, change in plans. >> all right, let's see what we can adjust. >>.e'd be closer to the twi >> change in plans. >> okay. >> mom, are you paintiin? you could sell these. >> l me guess, change in plans?
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station from viewers like you. thank yo az >> nall eyes are on new hampshire tonight, ahead ofir tomorrow's primary contest of the 2020 presidential election cycle. dy woodruff and lisa desjardins are there, and we'll hear more from them shortly. but first lisa reportsw candidates are criss-crossing thstate to court voters, a sharpening their attacks again each other in the final sprint. >> tomorrow could begin the ud of donald . >> even by granite state standards, this one >> reporter: even by granite statandards, this one is a whopper. five democratic candidates fighting for the top spots. structural change?or some big, >> i promise you, i can get this done, i can get it done in the first year. >> what we need right now is a candidate for all of america.
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>> reporter: with the oldest and youngest candidates in modern history racing for first. >> if we win here in new hampshire, and i think we can, it will make itier for us to win in nevada and in south carolina and in california. >> i believe the granite state to the united statnext president >> reporter: the galloping horse race is spurring another political phenomenon. for every new hampshirr whose mind is made up, there are even more who still are not sure. do you know who you are going to vote for?>> no, i don't know whm going to vote for. >> i am undecided, right now. three candidates at this point. a they, you know, all hav >> i think this is just sort of like the last 24, the last 48 hours kind of jitters. so i'm not sure what's going t happen. weekend show 50%-60% of new hampshire democratic voters have not made up their minds. the contest is now a blitz to reach, and sway them. the 2016 winner of the new
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hampire primary, vermont senator bernie sanders, has a massive organization--literallya wall-t with volunteers at this concord event saturday. in sanders' field office in lebanon, near the vermont boer, organizers are coordinating busloads of fired- up volunteers arriving each day, pushing for sweeping change, including government-run healthcare. ben hollander and maya munoz are here from new york >> theyll've basigiven the four of us to separate turfs that we then split up in groups of two and they have the names where you go knock. the house is a map. >> reporter: so, all this on your phone? >> yeah. >> reporter: but national ne womer pete buttigieg, who the most delegates in iowa, has proven he's a quick study. and a massive crowd draw. s 15 field offices here are in full tilt, stressing the former mayor of south bend,arndiana as a fresh leader. the campaign says they areyw everre. including, saturday morning, a freezing cold hospot-- thek merrimwn dump-- where
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buttigieg suppter roy swonger d family handed out cookies the bitter weatherfter car in roy is registered as undeclared-- neither repcrcan nor de. undeclared is the largest group in the state, d roy says buttigieg can sway them. >> you reach them the sameeray you reach ody else, by on the ground, canvassing, knocking on doors, maki phone calls, as annoying as it is. >> reporter: sanders has firm, committed vote, but buttigieg has this possibility, he is clearly on the mind of the undecided. >> i like biden and i also like peter buttigieg. >> pete buttigieg. >> reporter: anybody else? >> tom steyer. >> reporter: gene baker, how about you? >> pete buttigieg and maybe amy klobuchar. >> reporter: those words, "maybe amy klobuchar," are shaking up the race dynams. the minnesota senator is seeing her crowds and poll numbers grow quickly after strong debate performances, including last week. >> i don't have the bank account of some of my opponents.
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and i don't haveuite the name i.d. yet. and i'm not a brand-new newcomer to politics. but i have and i get ountry. >> reporter: undecided voter debi rapson came to a klobuchar event in manchester. have decided ju now for amy. humanity.t is her realness, her >> reporter: klobuchar's rise is a problem for some others... >> can the person you're voting for beat donump? >> reporter: ...including the man with the most experience, form vice president joe bide he insists he is best poised toe beat pre trump. but biden was fourth in iowa ane doubtsising-- including abouwhether republican attacks on him during months of impeachment have done rmanent harm. lt the longtime democrat has loyal supporterse bill glahn. >> nothing's changed my mind. they're all pretty gut i'm a biden supporter. >> reporter: also in the hunt, of course, is a new hampshire neighbor-- massachusetts senator elizabeth warren-- well
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organized and holding as many events as any candidate. >> the only way we're gointo make this better is we use this primary to build a grassroots movement. a grassroots movement that's there for the primary. there for the general. and there to make real change in 2021. >> reporter: she has a focused message about healthcare and other costs being too high because of wall street greed. >> she's worked to take on corporate america, the insurance companies. she speaks my language. >> reporter: and do not forget five others in the hunt. colorado senatorichael bennet is getting buzz here. >> i think this is more wide open right now tthn it has been whole year. >> reporter: and voters are thinking about two charismatic bunessmen-- tom steyer and andrew yang-- a formerve or, deval patrick of massachusetts, and tulsi gabbard, congresswoman and soier from hawaii. this brings us back to
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the democrats' struggle. and the home of rona zlokower and george bruno, campaign housg for volunteers from opposing teams and a warm place where friendof different camps gather nightly to unwind in a political storm. theyxplained the indision us, talking of high stakes, the chill of impeachment and the era of president trump. >> the importance of it is justa exaggerated bywe've just lived through... the weight is much heavier than i've felt it before. >> you want to make the right decision and you're not sure what is the best decision. it's all on who's the best to beat trump. >> reporter: the race is about who can win in november-- whether democrats move left or toward the middle. but it is also about fear of making a mistake. >> where is this country going? it's kind of scary. and i hope we can get on track.
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>> reporter: we're getting downw to crunch time how are you going to decide? >> i don't know. >> it's harder this time. it is harder now. >> but with the first pos opening midnight,ndecided voters are running out of time. for thrbsnewshour", lisa desjardins in manchesr, new hampshire. i >> woodrufm here with lisa over the weekend. i've seen new hampshire voters take this vote so seriously. you talk to voters at virtually any candidate event, they'reov agonizin it. but i'm particularly struck by the new interest, if you will, in amy klobuchar. what do you think is going on there? >> i think there's been an opening, beuse ofis indecision, and it seems that she's benefiting from it. voters i talk to say they like she seems is authentic, they like she has a moderate message that's winnable and they like she's a woman. otars question if she hs a
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problem because she's a woman. but she's not just afeeling moderates. at a bernie sanders event, i spoke to a voter who was thinking about bernie sanders and is now on board with amy klobuchar. the reason why? he thnks she's geuine. >> woodruff: it goes back to the electability thing, can a woman get elected and if she can persuade them of that, it helpsc two of theandidates came out of iowa, pete buttigieg, bernie sandbos. today, theh made news by going back to the iowa democratic party. >> i mean, ifn new hampshire is about to vote and iowa caucuses are still in dispute.ti pete beg and bernie sanders have asked for a recanvass, a look again at 85 precincts it's not that many out of 1800 precincts, but it is a problem for both candidates. pete buttigieg reminder for our viewers, he eeked out a win in a delegate account. bernie sanders said he won because he had more of a popular vote in the first round. what are voters left to think?
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in the end, we have the two candidates neck and neck and they're fighting over the title >> woodruff: iowa istill a subject of conversation inne hampshire, as much as the candidates want want the to move on. quickly, joe biden.a t of looking at joe biden and fact that people worry. i talked to a number of voters yesterday and saturday who said they're just noture ts joe biden who they loved as vice president has what it takes to win inem novr. >> there are two questions of joe biden. he always brought about the idea can appeal to middle america. efter impeachment there is a question as to ther he's too s maged. democratic voton't believe he's a corrupt man, but they believe swing voterin november might believe what the president has been attacking vice president biden on. the otheproblem, he has had missteps on the campaign trail and not performed as wells in debate as he needed to.
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too poor of a finish would be a huge blow, however, his big state in south carolina, that's two states ahead, let's see what happ as. >> woodruf quickly, when i asked voters what their concern was about biden, they said it's not age, it's whether he can stand up to president trump. so such a fascining race. you're following it so close. i so good to be here with you. >> reporter: an's great to be here with you. >> nawaz: in the day's other news: senate democratic leader chuck schumer called forot ting whistleblowers in the wake of the impeachment probe. president trump ousted several key figures in the investigation on friday. schumer wrote today to 74 inspectors general across the federal government a warned of "a dangerous, growing pattern of retaliation against those who report wrongdoing." in china: a new surge of corona- virus cases has dimmed hopes that the outbreak might be
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slowing. as of tonight, more than 900 42,000 cases.ied, out of some the deaths now top the toll from the sars epidemic that began in 2002. in geneva, the world health organization said today it is also watching the spread among opeople who have not been china lately. >> the detection of this smaller nuf cases could be the spark that becomes a bigger fire. but for now, it's only a spark. our objective remain containment. >> nawaz: meanwhile, chinese state tv showed president xi jinpg-- wearing a mask-- at medical facility, after days out of the public eye. he told medical workers, "we will most finitely win this people's war." we'll return to the outbreak, after the news summary. the u.s. military now says 109 troops suffered mild traumatic brain injuries when iranian missiles hit a base in iraq st month. that is anincrease of 45 from
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the last accounting. the new report says 75 of those affected have since returned to duty. initial reports said no u.s. troops were injured, but officials say symptoms can take weeks to appear. turkish and syrian forces have clashed in northwestern ria, for the second time in two weeks. the turks say intense syrian shelling killed five turkish soldiers today in idlib province. turkey says it struck back and "neutralized" 100 syrian troops. turkish trucks also rumbled into into the region with equipment and supplies. and, officials in ankara warned syria's assad regime to pull back. >> ( translated ): after these attacks, the regime elements approaching our observation posts or our areas are beingid coed as enemies. they carried out these hostilities twice. turkish armed forces will respond to these regime elementa by doingver is done to an enemy. it's the syrians who started >> nsyria's campaign to retake idlib province from million people fleeing toward
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turkey. demanded the offentop.turn, have heavy rains inastern australia ve helped douse raging wildfires, but have also led to sere flooding. the region around sydney has had 16 inches of rain since friday, leaving people wading thugh waist-deep water. but the downpours also partially replenished reservoirs aft three years of at leven people have been killed as a storm with hurricane-force batters europe for a second day. thrashing waves lashed homes in northern france today, and people in britain began cleaning up debris from sunday's damage. in germany, trains and more than 1,000 flights were canceled, as winds reached up to 90 miles per hour. back in this country: four members of the chinese military have been chard with hacking a major credit reporting agency in 2017. the justice department today blamed beijing for the breach of "equifax" that affted more than 145 million americans. attorney general william barr
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says it was part of a systematic campaign. >> for years we have witnessedou china'a voraappetite for the personal data of americans sensitive personal data, our cases reveal a pattern of state- sponsored computer intrusions and thefts by china targeting trade secrets and confidentialti business infor. social security numbers, birth dates and drivers license information. t justice department officials said there is no evidence that the hackers used the data. they areased in china, and remain at large. and on wall street: th jones industrial average gained 174 pointso close at 29,276. the nasdaq rose 107 points. and the s&p 500 add 24. still to come on the "newshour," the death toll of thevi coros surpasses that of the sars epidemic; how the president's budget calls for cuts to entitlements but delays
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eliminating the deficit; 75 years after the liberation of auschwitz, anti-semitism is on the rise in europe, and much more. >> this is the pbs newshour. from weta and walter school of journalism. and in the west at ari na university >> nawaz: as we reported, china is still struggling with its surging coronavirus outbreak--th on's spread, in small numbers, to at least 25 other territories or countries. william brangham gets an update on where things stand today. >> reporter: the official death toll from this coronavirus hasd more than doub the last week, now topping 1000. the official number of confirmed cases has also more than doubled. chinese officials have said foha several daysthey believe the number of new cases may be slowing, but how accurate are these official numbers? anwithout knowing that, we
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really know how bad this outbreak is, or how bad it might get. joining me now is lawrence gostin, a professor of global health law, and he direc the world health organization's collaborating center at georgetown university. welcome. >> thanks foephaving me. >>ter: help us understand. we know there is this surging number of cases. where do you see thisgoing? >> well, i mean, i think we have to be prepared for the asonable possibility o even likelihood that we won't contain this in the leforeseeuture. you've got more than a billion people in china with a readily transadmissible infection if it sprds in that congested population and entually the avel bans are lifted, one can just foresee it can ecalate.or >> rer: escalate meaning this is turnnto a true global pandemic? >> it could. the touchstone is two cfold -- on we slow it on mainland
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china, but, two, are there going to the coronavirus.
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>> reporter: huge death toll. we would see a huge death toll, and we don't want circulating novel viruses in additi to the flu. absolutely, we need to try to get this under control. an reporter: for amer
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viewers who might be watching this news and being nervous, maybe potentia terrified, what would you say to them? >> i wou say to them, you know, take it seriously, but just remain calm. the risk to the american pu is very, very low. the u.s. c.d.c. is beyond doubt the best in the world. if it were to happen here, in any number of -- if you had escalating cases, i have very high confince that c.d.c. would be able to, you know, isolate cases,ra qine those who were actually exposed and bring it underontainment ver very rapidly. >> reporter: lawrence gost of georgetown, thank you so much. >> thank you. appreciate it. >> nawaz: we turn now to the fiscal year 21 budget. president trump unveiled his
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$4.8rillion wish list toy, which includes cuts to medicaid and other social safety net programs. our yamiche alcindor joins me now to break it down. remind people this is the president's proposed budget, congress mas to go rough it. i you have been going through the budget.d walk me through the highlights d where youep see potential aiary of contention withoct dts. >> well, the white house budgetw is a way for the president to set forth his ideas. this is a wish list saying if i the president could wave a wand. this is what he would want toy do, but we have r tomind viewers presidential budgets do. not get passed as-is withto congress, with president trump, president obama, or any presidt. ias let's walk through some of thein things the president wants to there's 4.8 there does in this budget. the president wants tof maked $2 trillionin cu to eliminatee titlements and social safety
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programs over the two years, including social securityfi beprograms and medicaid. it doesn't eliminate a deafcies- in th deficit in the next ten the president said he would balancehe budget in eight years. this bgetrs does it in 15 ars. the congressional budget office says ifgr things remain the way they are and nothing changes, we will be upil to $1 onn annually and adding to the we used toee big fights aboutt the deficit but president trumpp has at times added to the deficit including during his big tax cut issues. the president said over and over again he doesn't want to cut cial safety net programs. the white house says these are savings, not cuts. but when you look at the numbers, there are some cuts to social safe net the pre says this is helping people get off programs that cause dependency, but some
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say they help people's lives. people sticking by the president say these are helping thee government function in a moreef cient way. i'm thinking tont previous clarks between thee president and democrats over previous funding requests he's mae specifically around immigration. you have covered some the clashes before. what does this budget have in oi the w immigration requests? >> well, immigration is thee president's signaturssue, and here we, of course, filed a little over a year ago.erag the gment shut down for about three weeks over issues wi the president's budget.t. at that point it was an argument let's walk through what's going on in immigration. have $52 billion for the dew point of homeland security, a 3% increase from 2020 levels b approv congress. we also have $2 billion they're asking for the borde wall, t go toward building 82 miles of wall between the united states and mexico. also the presidentex asking for 4600 new immigration and customt enforcement officers and 60,000
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total ice detention beds. that's aut 15,000 more beds than congress approved last year. this is important because ice is specifically has had a lot of criticism because a number ofa people been detained, they have been hitting record highs when it comes to thent detention beds.s. the other thing to note, of course, the president has made this a critical part of his 202a cgn, so even if this isn't going to be enacted, we see the white house saying we're going to continue with the hard line immigration policies. the president t is going continue to say we need more in order to stop undocumented immigrants from coming into this country or from also deporting as many undocumented immigrantsg as the trump administration can. so that's what this budget says going forward. and the president will f contin to doubledown on those issues. >> reporter: and you will continue to cover it all. our white house correspondent yamiche alcindor. thankamhe.
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>> nawaz: stayith us. coming up on th"newshour," we return to new hampshire ahead of tomorrow's crucial primary votem and "parasite" becomes the first foreign language film to win the oscar for best picture. >> woodruff: now, back to new hampshire-- as the clock continues to tick down here to the start of voting in the "first in thnation" primar over the weekend, i caught up with several of the candidates during their frantil sweeps across this state. minnesota senator amy klobuchar, entrepreneur andrew yang, and former massachusetts governor deval patrick were among them. but first, former vice presidenf joe biden. here he itaking questions from reporters about south bend, indiana's former mayor peia buttigieg. >> guesawhat? he wamayor. he's a good guy, but the idea of passing a budgetma asr of a town the size of manchester and
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$900 billion with less than 1% fraud or abuse, picking up his city and thousands of cities acroe country is ridiculous. so let's get straight. what's the problem? where is the thing that's so bad in the past? >> woodruff: isn't his point at that moment we're now inin different moment and thismoment >> that's not what he's saying. he's saying the problems we have now are because ofe past. that's what he's saying, let's get that straight, oky? period. number two, the problems we have today are need not differently, we have to continue the leadership and move it c on. i never said this is going to be a third term of barack obama. >> for me, this lastew days before the primary vote is all about get out the vote, building that excitement and getting the people to new hampshire behind me, and i cannot believe what i p am hearingn that stage. there are a bunch ofmo independentsrate republicans who are restered independents that have decided to vote because they can't stand
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trump. there are a bunch of people who were withat other cand who, after the debate, changed over to me. that's what we're seeing in e polls. and then we have undeceds up the wazoo, and i tell them to look at me as a fresh ce and that in this race between thee vice president and mayor pete, say that 59 is the new 38, and that it is good to have someone new, but it's also good to have someone with experience. > >> woodruff: how do you get eople to turn out for you? one investmentmid i really like him, but i worry he doesn't have a ch ce.a >> theat thing about new hampshire is they determinen who has a chance and who doesn't. they're very independent mindedi here and they're going to do i certainly trust them. they're doing great. we also spent a lot of money on tv. >> woodruff: you agree pete buttieg doesn't have experience. >> he certainly doesn't have
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some of thexperience othe candidates have. many voters are saying what isis the experience they're lookingin for, the judgment, priorities, division. >> i haviave not spent my time making myself famous over the last couple of years, but i've spent the last 40 years making a difference, and i think the kind of -- the kind of primary that's run her h in npshire, the expectations of new hampshire voters, that you are intimate, that you spend time with them and talk and listen m, t it's a great opportunity to make that case, and, as we make that case here, if we get the vote we want here, that gives us momentum moving forward. >> woodruff: and that's where we will >> woodruff: and that's where t we'll begs special "new hampshire" edition of "politics monday."eccs with me here in manchester are the studios of wgbh o partner
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station is gyms gyms ofow thebeb and lauren chooljian of new hampshire public radio, host whose entire focus son this presidential primary.ea to have you both. >> thanks for having us. >> woodruff: let's start with a basic question, lauren.n. how clear are the candidates'' messages comicross? >> well, for reporters who havee been covering them over and over aga, it feels like they're clear because they sound the same every time you geter t but voters get excited andeel like these messages are resonating with them. ier cete buttigieg the mostst and a lot of people say to me they h like energy, feefl like they believe what he's saying, he's thoughul and he's a uniter, that's one of his big piches, and that's when he's done a couple of folks, bernie sanders who is neck in neck with the polls, a couple of homes ere he criticized a call for ththe revolution and says we ned
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to refocus on uniting not dividing. the fundraiser shows the divine party between a feistier liberal.ho is maybe more they really like wh he's saying. >> woodruff: james pindell, what are h youaring in messages from the candidate >> a very good question you asked earlier, are they able to get theirmessages out. presidential race are some ofme the most exciting and dramatic as raw politics. but over on top of all of it the last two weeks, it's been realln harhe news environment to get their message out.ou the first week in iowa, i was uo in, and impeachment was throughout the entire week. we had four senators obviouslyio running for president, also trying to compete. we had the super bowl happening. and this week began with app lot of confusion about process, whah exactly dpen in iowa. then you had the state of junedr s, the first day of the
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new hampshire primary. president'ste acqu now it starts tott feel like the new hampshire primary and you are getting some momtum for candidates who, you know, pete buttigieand laklly amyy uchar after that debate, it's starting to feel like voters are really starting to tune in and maket decisions, you're right, the news environment is very difficult. a lot of these cants to break through. >> woodruff: lauren, the condensed time period that people truly only only focused on the caidates, maybe that explains some of the hard timee voters ving in making a decision. >> new hampshire voters e voters have a hard time making up their and i think the large field hasn't helped with that.t. i talked to a t of voters who continue to be undecided. even inhe "boston globe" polls, people say i think i know who i'm voting forut i could change my mind before election day. i eknow it sounds czy, but some people want to keep seeing
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candidates. a lot of people don't have timee to see candidates. we have a lot of attention for a very engaged population, but a lot ot the people ca make the candidate events, so they're ju turning the tv on now, which seems crazy for us. but that's an unknown factor in the election. amy klobuchar is trying to >> woodruff: we hear so much about how this year especially democrats want someone to beat donald trump. so i guess myuestion, james, is is that the overriding concern? i mean, set aside, you know, the left wing of the democraticic party, e moderate wing of the democratic party, what is it that voters are looking fo t >>ink that's exactly right. eversingle time i talk to a voter, will i go door to door. this idea that particularly democratic primaries are this battle between theead and the heart, the one candidate on the other side and the candidate you know is the most electable. that is not the debate, it's what's drivingis decision,at it.
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it's not entirely obvious who that person is. i think people arefo waitinar or mment where it becomesstage crystal clear who that person is and they get to see that. >> and i hear for example, you hear bernie sanders, and this is the most important election in our modern time. this morning, i heard him say maybe the most important election ever in america, maybe a slight hyperbole. >> julius caesar has nothing on this. hand,druff: the other joe biden said i can take a hit here lowering the expectation. >> that was stunning moment in the debate stage. ysome people were struck that. people take them seriously and they want to feel important and for someone to throw it out anda i think i'm going to take a hit made an impression with people. >> you have been covering song many new hampshire primaries. >> woodruff: soim many. these voters hereth love story of a comeback.. they want someone they can geti
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behind, they him. they know and they're humble and they go out there on the stage. and joe biden comes out and says i want to come back, intellectually i deserve a comeback, but it's not going to map, versus amy klobuchar who's hitting every single diner in her running shoes and she's talking people up wanting to earn a vote like john mccain, hillary clinton, presidentsi clinton,o down the line. >> woodruff: meantime, lauren, thire head from intervi across the street. >> right across the streedr >> wf: to none other than a rally for president trumm who's come right into the bely of the beast on the eve of the primary. >> absolutely. >> woodruff: how is playing as voters think about this? >> of course, he's here, right? he wants a big party to distra he attention away from this huge democratic primy. he's also popular amanaha neshire republicans. the vice president's wife was here today. he's going to do similar thi as in iowa, brings in a lot of
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su gats. he wants to do well in new hampshire in 2020. this is one of his tightest margins in 2016, he's had his e on it ever since, he was here in august, so new hampshire is extremely important to him.a there art of people fired up to support him. the last couple of events i have been to there is a bus or something happening from trump supporters outside because they want to show show it isn't justt democrats. >> and technically president trump is in the new hampshire primary. tomorr >> woodruff: sure. hen he tried this in des moines the week before the iowa caucuses, the impact waswa pretty obvious.y the des moines register the next day had a story about trump, ant mike pence at the diner and an nd story, not single story abut a democratic presidentialal candidate, which really may be the play here.. >> woodruff: we'll what happens right here in new hampshire. we wouldn't miss it. we have all eyes on the granite
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state. jamendell, lauren chooljian, thank you very much. appreciate it. >> nawaz: 75 years after soviet troops liberated the auschwitz concentration camp, anti a semitism is on the rise across over the last decade, hate speech, harassment and violent attacks targeting jews incread significantly throughout europe. even denmark-- a country th historically resisted anti- semitic sentiment-- has seen a resurgence of neo nazi movements. as part of our coverage of this, 75th anniverspecial correspondent malcolm brabant went to denmark to meet a jewisn survivor of auschwitz. and a warning: this report >> reporter: at home in colopenhagen, iboya wandalls sharp mind and memories belie her 98 years. along with her sister, iboya was a member of the resistance in what was czechoslovakia.
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they were deported to auschwitz in 1944 after being betrayed in hungary where they were hiding from the nazis. >): i survivedd hanks to luck and intuition. there was something in me telling mwhen to take a step forward and when to take a step backwards. you had to do whatever it took to survive. >reporter: the survival instinct kicked in when iboja eh ntered auschwitz, beneatits slogan of false hope: "work sets y"ou fre among the welcoming party was denr. josefle in the center, nicknamed the angel of death for his live experiments on prisoners. as the jews dismounted from cattle wagons, the s. told them they could walk from the railhead to the camp or go on trucks. iboja chose to walk. those who didn't went straight to the gas chambers.
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>> (ht translated ): i tho that those enormous chimneys that were pumping smoke up into the sky. i thought they were bakeries. but then one of the old prisoners said to us, "do you know what is happening? o you know what that smoke is? it is all those who got up on the trucks and were driven in to the camp, they are now all gone." senething happened with me i was told the truth. iast was as if i had-- its if body-- i am sorry, suddenly i can'.. >> reporter: iboja is on the left, next to her sister lilly. both survived auschwitz, perhaps because they could withstand the nazi ave labour. one of her most exasperating
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>> reporter: as the soviet army liberated auschwitz, iboja and her sister were still in peril. touhey and nds of other prisoners were ordered to march west, as the nazis tried to cover up their crimes against humanity. the sisrs survived the death march and eventually escaped. iboja attributes their deliverance to boots she r xchanged with a guard ring she found while digging up cabbages. >> ( translated ): i had typhoid just before this march started, but because i had those boots that warmed my feet, i could walk and walk and walk. but those of us who could not walk, were shot. the corpses were lined up along the rds. yes, everywhere. some of them were still alive, they held up their hands to us. we couldn't help them. we just had to walk on. >> reporter: 75 years on, anti- semitism is virulen
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a recent major study, by the nti-defamation league, concluded that one in four europeans held negative views of jewispeople. attitudes remain fairly steady in western eupe. however there's been a sharp n easternin bigotry and central europe, especially in russia and ukraine. but the biggest surge within the european union has been in poland were auschwitz is located. the anti-defamation league dd enmark is prat during the nazi occupation, 90% of its 8,000 strong jewish population were smuggled to safety in neutral sweden. but anti-semitism appears to be intensifying even in this traditionally tolerant nation. last november a jewish cemetery in western nmark was vandalized on the anniversary of krystallnacht, the night in 1938 when nazis smashed over 250 synagogues, wrecked 7,000 jewish businesses and 30,000 jewish men were transported to camoncentration.
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this jewish couple had a star of david attached to their post box. >> the main thing is we now saw the nazi groups of denmark acting. until that weidn't really hink about it. it was something new. >> reporter: henri goldstein admits the jewish community that he leads was caught by surprise. because it regarded radical islamists as the main threat. >> it's alarming that there's a newront coming from the rig which we didn't expect to be living really. >a > reporter: mber of the neo-nazi nordic resistance movement has been charged in connection with the vandalism. the group is gaining suppt throughout scandinavia as it agitates primarily against mass immigration. danish historian therkel straede pauses at a stumbling stone hg onorjewish man who lived in this street and was murdered i hn germany during theolocaust.
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there is a growing belief that amid rising hatred, the atmosphere in europe is reminiscent of the 1930's when adolf hitler came to power. >> i don't think we are anywhere near cl the 1930's.tuation of hitler came to power and made anti-semitism government policy in one of the most important states in the world. that is not going to happen nywhere so far as i can see. >> reporter: but the threat of anti-jewish terrorism is ever nt, hence the military sogue.outside copenhagen's main such measures have been essential since an islamist gunman shot and killed a guard protecting guests at a coming of age party for a girl called hannah bentow i. techese are images of thet bar mitzvah of hannah's brother elias. their mother mette says that returning to the scene of terrorismfive years on,
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has triggered her son's post traumatic stress disorder. h i have never seen him so heartbroken ande never felt so heartbroken in my life. it's very disheartening n to be able to help your child. wweheook at our specific family history, of course i can't help but feeling so very responsible and feel very guilty f having chosen to lead a jewish life in denmark because had i chosen to live anywhere else,his wouldn't have happened. >> reporter: stumbling stones may sustain memories of holocaust victims. but to preserve its future, the danish government to mount a substantial education campaign to combat anti-semitism. >> the only real weapon we can us seformation. i would say propaganda, but good c bampaigns fng jewish is not different to being christian or muslim or anything else. >> reporter: certainly, in sndinavia the jewish community needs to counter the influence
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of the nord resistance mt.ovemen with its slick videos, its bhaominmore organized, an even got a foothold in iceland. an issue addressed by denmark's queen margrethe iner new year ve address. >> ( translated ): it's shameful to experience how t ugly face of anti-semitism is once again rearing its head. nd in our country to anti-semitism, intolerance and repression of those who think dreifly has no place anywhere. we hde to be very vigilant an help each other to resistt. >> ( translated ): i am led, but i am not troubl for myself because i am nearly 100-years-old, but for my children, my granhildren and y great-grandchild. and for all the young people of today. i would wish a better world for them. >> reporter: the last witnesses to the worst depravity of the 20th century are leaving us, bequeathing their memories, in
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the hope that no future generations see what they have f the pbs newshour i'm malcolm brabant in copenhagen. >> nawaz: on a night when a lot went as expected at the oscars, questions of diversity and inclusion still lingered-- but the academy's choice for the best picture winner was a big deal. here's a look now at the significance of that pick, part of our ongoing arts and culture series, "canvas." >> reporter: history at last night's oscars: >..> and the oscar goes t "rapate." ( cheers and applause ) >> reporter: as the south korean thriller "parasite" became the f-lirst non-engliguage film to win best picture >> we never imagined this to ever happen, we are so ppy. >> reporter: the film won four
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s in total, including be screenplay and best international feature film. > the category has a new name now from best foreign language to best international feature film. i'm so happy to be the first o receive this under its new name. >> reporter: bong joon-ho also took home best director, giving nod to his fellow nominees. >> the great martin scorsese. ( cheers and applause ) >ir> reporter: part s part drama-- "parasite" defies scription. the story centers on a poor family that cons its way into a wealthy household. when class warfare threatens the bond between the two, violence ensues. the wins were celebrated in south korea-- including by president moon jae-in, who tweeted his gratitude to the filmmakers for "instilling pride and courage in our people as we cgeome er to weather difficulties." >snawaz: "parasite's" succ comes at a pivotal moment for the oscars, five years after the "oscars so white" protests, with the academy still struggling to r decognierse talent.
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for more on this, i'm joined by justin chang. h te is a film critic f "los angeles times" and chairs the national society of film justin, welcome back to the "newshour". so i read your column this morning. inyou clearly the academy got this one right. tell me why. whats about ts moviehat you think made sure it deserves this ward? >> i do think they got it right. "parasite" was my favorite movie of last year. for me it was the best, most thrilling film, and i think victory has shattered one of the remaining glass ceilings which is, in its 92-year history, the academy of motion picture arts best picture to a non-englis language film. parasite is the 12th to be nominated for best picture and to win international feature film in the same night and director and screenplay is
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remarkable. i think this is a movie that collapses div not just in terms of class but in terms ofn beingtfilm as well as a genre film. it's a mpopular entertaient. really the only thing holding back this movie from what we tught would be the academy's embrace was the fact tt it has subtitles and is in korean and not english. it's a huge critical and commercial success. it s really t language, that was the only thing that seemed to be standing in the way of it g nd leadinny to think they're not going to give it to parasite. should y this work is not representative of all korean films, not representive of all asian films for sure as well, but something noted last nig was, for all the many awards parasite got as a movie, there were none for individual acting, and a lot of people were actually noting on twitter and elsewhe this has kind of become a pattern with some asian majority cast films. the same thing with crouching millionaire. dragon, slumdog
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why do you think that happens? >> i wrote a piece about this in the "times" in this matter and extolling the greatness to have the actors in "parasite" both individually andollectively. think it's the best ensemble and movie of the year think it says something about the way the mesh film industry rsegards or disregasian actors, and there's something asian actors -- and i say this as an aan-american -- were exalted as great technicians and director ho's technical gene yous wa.s recognize but to tell asian actors aparts, let amoan know their nes and recognize the individual greatness of their performances, i can that's the next step. underandably, these actors ae working in a place of
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disadvantage. mostre not well known. kung ho is the major movie star in south korea but even he has a relatively mited following in the states compared to brad pitt. the academy is a heterogeneous institution, and there's something disappointing about that. also, it's very moving and exct ing about tcause they're trying to be many different things and that's not easy when you're the academy. >> reporter: i've got to ask you what is thein impact of a like this? does this mean more films with minority casts get made? buzz this mean people are morere ahere are foreign films their check out? how do you think this? matte >> i hope it accomplishes these things. i hope it ll encourage people to watch "parasite" and movies that are not insh engli i think that's the bare minimum. i don't think this will open the
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glued gates and we'll see movief rom china and other places left, but i think it eliminates the idea this can't happen and that sort of thing. >r:> reporustin chang of the "new york times," thank you for being with us. >> thank you so muchaving me. >> woodruff: and that is the newshour for now. i'm judy woodruff in new hamhire. join us tomorrow evening for special live coverage of the first in the natina primary. >waz: and i'm amna nawaz in washington. forll of us at the pbs newshour, thank you and see you soon. >mar funding for the pbs newshour has been provided by: >> on a cruise with american cruise lines, you can experience historic destinations along the misssippi river, the columbia river and across the united states. american cruise lines fleet of
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landmarks, local cultures and calm waterways. american cruise lines, proud sponsor of pbs newshour. >> bnsf railway. >> consumer cellular. foundation.ed p. sloan supporting science, technology, and improved economic performance and financial lntiteracy in the 21st y. >> supported by the john d. and foundation.macarthur committed to building a more just, verdant and peaceful world. more information at >> and with the ongoing support of these institutions
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>> this program was made fossible by the corporati public broadcasting. and by contributions to your pbs sm tation fewers like you. thank you. captioning sponsored by newshour productions, llc captioned by media access group at wgbh
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